State Disability Maps

Disability Prevalence and Participation in Social Security Administration Programs Among Working-Age Adults in 2018

In this interactive map, we highlight state- and county-level variation in disability prevalence and participation rates in the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) programs among working-age adults (ages 18 to 64) in 2018.

Use the dropdown options below to select a series (disability prevalence, SSI participation rate, or DI participation rate) and a state of interest. To compare a county-specific statistic to its state-level result, select a state and then hover over the counties on the map or download the data.

Data Sources:Staff from the University of New Hampshire Institute on Disability generated population statistics from the 2018 American Community Survey. SSI and DI program participation statistics come from 2018 data published by the Social Security Administration. The 2018 county-level SSI data are available here and the 2018 county-level DI data are available here.

Technical notes: The disability prevalence and SSI and DI program participation rates are based on estimates of the population ages 18 to 64 in each county using the 2018 5-year estimates from the American Community Survey. The DI participation rates are slightly inflated because the maximum eligibility age for that program in 2018 was 65, but the denominator used to calculate the rate excludes people who are age 65. The DI rate represents disabled workers only; it does not include disabled widows, widowers, or disabled adult children. SSI data for selected counties are missing because the total number of recipients in those counties is smaller than the threshold set by the Social Security Administration to permit disclosure of the information. We calculated the national- and state-level SSI participation rates using only the counties with non-missing data. The disability prevalence rates are based on the six disability questions in the American Community Survey reflecting difficulty in hearing, seeing, concentrating, remembering, or making decisions, walking or climbing stairs, dressing or bathing, and doing errands alone.